About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a state in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the most significant populations in the planet. The state is an archipelago of a big group of islands surrounded by crystal very clear h2o and attractive and unique coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the most significant is Luzon, at 105 sq. kilometres and just above fifty % of the islands in the state have names, and only 350 islands are more substantial than 2 and a half kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain variety can be discovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the best of the mountain reaches above 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be discovered on the 2nd most significant island in the state Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like lots of other mountains in the state Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the website of the cash of Manila the most significant and most critical Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches all-around Manila bay for hundreds of decades Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of shipping and delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center section of the Philippine islands. The most significant islands in the Visayas contain Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the state and the 2nd most significant island in the Philippines the island steps 94,seven-hundred sq. kilometres.

Sheraton Residences
Sheraton Cebu Mactan Residences, Punta Engano, Lapu Lapy City, Mactan, Cebu, Philippines. 6015

The islands

The Philippine islands ended up shaped by volcanoes and are section of a mountain chain that is mostly beneath h2o. The interior of most of the islands have lots of rugged mountains with dense rain forest and for the reason that of the regular rain fall there are lots of rivers streams and waterfalls that regularly surge down the mountain sides. Simply because of the dense mountain rainforest and regular rain fall the Philippines is endowed with breathtaking sceneries in the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls impressive caves and rock formations. Unfortunately a whole lot of the rain forest is disappearing right before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 above ninety % of the Philippine islands ended up coated in rain forest. To day the state has missing close to a single-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been made use of and cut down for its timber and to very clear land for farms and households.

The shoreline

With above 7000 islands the state has a coastline line far more than 36,300 kilometres in size. The beach locations and shoreline differs across the state are very sandy in destinations this sort of as Boracay which is well-known for its attractive picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical crops and palm trees increasing on these impressive beach locations. On some island coastline lines are very rocky in area and in some destinations you will uncover gray white sand beach locations and big inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos rely on fresh h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and individual working day-to-working day dwelling specifications this sort of as ingesting and washing. Pasig River is a single of the most significant rivers in the state and flows as a result of the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows as a result of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Simply because the state is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace indicates the Philippines have a whole lot of energetic Volcanoes. One particular of the most well-known volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for lots of hundreds of decades Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted far more than one thousand men and women killed or wounded and remaining countless numbers of men and women homeless. The explosion created a large ash cloud that coated far more than one hundred twenty five thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the location in ash rock and darkness. One particular of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also recognized as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight instances in the past 400 decades. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a countrywide park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a beautifully formed cone that towers 2462 meters earlier mentioned the land. Mayon Past big eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed three towns and coated a further two with volcanic ash and very hot larva about 1600 men and women died due to this eruption.

The Philippine Individuals

For countless numbers of decades lots of diverse varieties men and women and nations have been section of the Philippines the consequence is a state and men and women with a unique mix of lots of cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age men and women settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the state was later on joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and generations latter joined by readers from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the 1st European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult men ended up killed all through the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain founded a everlasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Loved ones religion and schooling are very critical in Filipino culture.

Climate dwelling in the metropolis or the state or on an isolated island relatives, religion and schooling are very remarkably valued by practically each and every a single Filipinos have lots of positive values this sort of as respect for authority and a substantial regard for the dignity of all the men and women.


Most Filipinos maintain powerful spiritual beliefs they routinely choose section in spiritual ceremonies celebrate holy days with big festivals. The Spanish where very productive in converting the Filipino to Christianity making the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the populace, five % of the populace are Sunni Muslim’s the most significant no Christian group in the state. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits recognized as anitos they considered theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. A lot of Filipinos imagine in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an critical section in the everyday existence of most Filipinos.The Philippine men and women worship Christ mom Mary and other holy men and women named saints lots of Filipinos decorate their households trics jeepneys boats faculties of photographs of Christ and mom Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines these days there are a number of million Filipinos that stick to the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos apply Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the greatest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino relatives

The Filipino relatives the standard units of the Philippine social firm which consists of the father the mom and small children the bilateral prolonged relatives which incorporates all family members of the Father and Mom. Of distinctive significance the bond and unity shaped by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their relatives as a supply of power and protection. It is not uncommon for unmarried daughters and sons to dwell at dwelling with their moms and dads, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The relatives are very close and if someone requirements support other people chip in and do what they can to support the relatives member in have to have. The father-spouse is the head of the relatives and is commonly unconditionally obeyed by his wife and small children. The father role and obligation is to fulfill the economic requirements of the relatives. The Filipino father is the main supply of self-control in the relatives and at times utilizes corporal punishment on the two sons and daughters although corporal punishment made use of on small children in the Philippines is now gradually obtaining made use of a lot less and a lot less due to the Philippine culture training and implementing new values on boosting small children. The small children a whole lot of Filipino mothers pamper their small children these has the result of prolonging the childhood of the small children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood obligations and expectations are stored under the child’s prospective this care and passion lavished on the small children creates a emotion of belonging and protection. As a consequence the small children will normally add to parent’s economic guidance and emotional guidance and protection. The traditional Filipino wife and mom choose care of all the information to make sure the relatives capabilities as a dwelling and loving organised relatives unit. The mom is in cost of the dwelling and all the information pertaining to the small children this sort of as cooking the relatives food viewing the small children are clothed and completely ready for school the having to pay of income to the maids (ya -ya) and all other house fees. Bizarre as it could appear to be females share equivalent area with man in Philippine culture lady participation in expert do the job and politics is completely approved this equality can be traced again to historic Malayan tradition.

Education and learning

Education and learning Filipino small children show up at 6 decades of elementary school and 4 decades of substantial school. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys main official languages. A lot more than ninety% of all elementary show up at authorities faculties. From June until eventually March Filipino small children shell out their days at school lessons commence all-around 8 in the early morning in the towns like Manila and at times all-around 7 am in the rural parts right before lessons commence the small children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very substantial literacy price which most men and women in the state can read through and publish sad to say due to the substantial unemployment price and the minimum income compensated to lessen course personnel this sort of as farmers and labours some small children have to fall out of school to do the job and support to guidance their households and some small children show up at faculties that do not have ample school materials and equipment this sort of as textbooks desks and chairs and desktops.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 diverse big dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass schooling of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino existence. English was launched so diverse men and women dwelling in diverse sections of the Philippines could realize a single a further. The American declared English the state official language all through the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine authorities made a decision to exchange English with a language named Filipino also recognized as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language primarily throughout some of the big towns. Now Filipino and English are the state official languages. In diverse sections of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk anyplace up to 4 languages and some instances far more primarily the men and women who have traveled and lived in diverse sections of the state. For instance theses Filipinos can talk the language from the location they grew up in and lived in as a little one they also can talk English and Tagalog and at times a further language that is indigenous to where they dwell as an adult or learnt as a little one. For instance English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a solitary Filipino can talk.

The men and women traditional dwelling

Fifty percent of the Philippine populace dwell in the state close to mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are lots of varieties of traditional households Bahay kubo is a traditional rural dwelling some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and flooring are manufactured from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and fatigued down to timber or bamboo to kind the roof. Other men and women in the state aspect dwell in picket dwelling and other affordable timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The far more rich state Filipino dwell in a greater fancy contemporary dwelling and homes are manufactured from cement bricks and cement.On a whole lot of Little Island and state parts the dwelling has a single main space with a few pieces of furnishings and mats on the ground where the relatives sleeps.The kitchen area is commonly in a further space with a wood burning stove and at times a small fuel stove dependent on how isolated the relatives is from the closest town. In the greater state towns lots of of the indigenous homes have electrical energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are uncommon in small villages although now far more and far more Little Islands and villages are getting electrical energy but there is nevertheless a whole lot of villages that do not. The Philippine men and women that dwell in an location that does not have electrical energy or indoor plumbing obtain h2o from a community nicely and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The 1st men and women who migrated to the Philippine islands made use of barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the most effective indicates of transportation of very good and goods from island to a further men and women also rely on these ships as ferries for the reason that the price of a aircraft ticket are very highly-priced for the lower cash flow households. Banca a slim picket boat with an out boat motor connected to the again. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from the two sides of the boats that functionality like platoons avoiding the boat from tipping above or capsizing. Early Filipinos made use of these small boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The greater banca boats are generally made use of as men and women ferries and big industrial fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are made use of for lesser journeys in calmer h2o. A traditional kind of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a aspect cart this kind of transportation are nevertheless popular in some state towns and provinces primarily on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus manufactured from jeeps remaining guiding by the US military. The jeeps where transformed in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and embellished with mirrors multi-colored lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless steel jeep was manufactured and generated for simple explanations fisherman complained that seawater and the environment was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and generated the 1st jeep the jeep necessitates a lot less maintenance for the reason that it is tricky and does not rust. The jeep is an great Philippine vehicle for the reason that they are tailored to the unique Philippine climate primarily from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable climate.